Vomiting: This can be caused by various factors, such as eating something poisonous or inedible, infection, urinary tract disease, diabetes or hairballs. Symptoms include drooling and abdominal heaving. Vomiting can lead to dehydration and other complications, so it is important to consult a vet if your cat vomits frequently or acts ill.
Feline Lower Urinary Tract Diseases (FLUTD): This is a group of diseases that affect the bladder and urethra of cats. It can be caused by multiple factors, such as stress, obesity, dry food or infection. Symptoms include straining to urinate, bloody urine, urinating in unusual places, crying when urinating, licking around the urinary area, depression, dehydration, lack of appetite and vomiting. FLUTD can be life-threatening if your cat cannot urinate at all, so it is an emergency that requires immediate veterinary attention.
Fleas: These are tiny parasites that feed on your cat’s blood and cause itching, irritation and allergic reactions. They can also transmit diseases and worms to your cat. Symptoms include scratching, biting, hair loss, redness and scabs on the skin. Fleas can be prevented by using regular flea treatments and keeping your cat’s environment clean.
Tapeworms: These are intestinal parasites that live in your cat’s gut and feed on their nutrients. They can be transmitted by fleas or by eating infected rodents or birds. Symptoms include rice-like segments in your cat’s feces or around their anus, weight loss, vomiting and diarrhea. Tapeworms can be treated by deworming medications prescribed by your vet.
Diarrhea: This is a common problem that can have many causes, such as dietary changes, stress, infection, parasites or inflammatory bowel disease. Symptoms include loose or watery stools, increased frequency or urgency of defecation, blood or mucus in the stools and abdominal pain. Diarrhea can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, so it is important to keep your cat hydrated and seek veterinary advice if the diarrhea persists or is severe.
Eye Problems: These can include infections, injuries, allergies or congenital defects that affect your cat’s vision or eye health. Symptoms include redness, swelling, discharge, squinting, blinking or rubbing of the eyes. Eye problems can be painful and potentially lead to blindness if left untreated, so it is important to consult a vet if you notice any signs of eye trouble in your cat.